There are several types of allergy medicines available to treat allergies. There have been major improvements in the variety and types of drugs available to treat seasonal allergies. Some of the allergy medicines listed below are very potent, but the FDA moved them to 'Over The Counter' status because patients are usually able to self diagnose seasonal airborne allergies. Book an appointment with Allergy Butler to find out what is causing your allergies and how you may be able to get relief.
Allergy Medicine Categories
Anithistamines - Histamines are chemical compounds that spread the message to cells that your body is under attack. This results in runny noses, caughing, itchy eyes, congestion, and that overall miserable feeling. An antihistamine blocks histamines from causing your body to react to allergens. There are 2 general types of antihistamines.
1st Generation Antihistamines - These are over the counter solutions that hit the market in the 1980's. These are not as popular as second generation medications because they don't last as long and tend to cause drowsiness. The most common allergy medications in this category are Benedryl and Chlo-Trimeton.
2nd Generation Antihistamines - Second Generation antihistamines tend to last for 24 hours and in most people don't cause drowsiness. Common brand names for over the counter antihistamines are Zyrtec, Allegra, Claritin, and Xyzal. Depending on how your body metabolizes different medications, you may find that some of these are very effective and others are not effective for you. Most of these medications are meant to be used for no longer than 10 days in a row. If you find yourself using antihistamines daily, you may want to consider immunotherapy.
Corticosteroid - These types of allergy medications are typically taken as a mist directly into your nasal cavity. These medications act to reduce the inflamation caused by allergic reactions. These types of allergy medicines include Flonase and Nasacort.
Leukotriene Receptor Antagonist - These medications are used to block the Cysteinyl Leukotriences neuro transmitters when exposed to allergens. The most common brand name is Singulair.
Inhalers - For patients with extreme bronchial reactions or Asthma, a physician may prescribe inhalers. Inhalers work great and may even be life saving. Inhalers often contain steroids which can cause negative effectives with extended or regular use. If you regularly use an inhaler, you may wish to try immunotherapy. Most asthmatics stop needing inhalers after completing immunotherapy treatments.
Immunotherapy - Immunotherapy is an allergy medicine that is injected and made up of a custom mix of allergen extracts. By injecting a small amount of allergen just under the skin, your body learns that these allergens are not dangerous and your body stops reacting, giving the patient permanent relief. Immunotherapy is the gold standard for allergy treatments.